A combination of Covid and Brexit will mean that non-essential travel to the European Union will not be possible from the end of this year.

The end of the Brexit transition period will mean that UK citizens will no longer be exempt from Covid restrictions. In real terms this means that British citizens will be able to access the bloc only for essential work reasons.

Only a small number of countries are exempt, corresponding to their coronavirus case rates.

Low-cost carrier easyJet played down the fears, saying: “There is no EU blanket law which requires individual states to limit entry from those arriving from outside the EU and so just as they do today, we expect individual European countries to continue to apply their own rules.”